Brazilian Revolution of 1930

The Revolution of 1930 (Portuguese: Revolucao de 1930), also known as the 1930 coup d'etat or coup of 1930[1] was an armed movement in Brazil led by the states of Minas Gerais, Paraiba and Rio Grande do Sul, culminating in a coup. The revolution ousted President Washington Luis on October 24, 1930, prevented the inauguration of President-elect Julio Prestes, and ended the Old Republic.[2]In 1929, leaders of Sao Paulo broke the alliance with the mineiros (i.e. people from Minas Gerais state), known as the "coffee with milk policy" ("politica do cafe-com-leite" in Portuguese), and indicated the paulista Julio Prestes as a candidate for the presidency. In response, the President of Minas Gerais, Antonio Carlos Ribeiro de Andrada, supported the opposition candidate from the south, Getulio Vargas.[3]On March 1, 1930, elections for President were held and victory was won by the government's candidate, Julio Prestes, who was the president of Sao Paulo state. However, he did not take office because the coup was triggered on October 3, 1930; he was instead exiled.Getulio Vargas assumed the leadership of the provisional government on November 3, 1930, a date that marks the end of the Old Republic.[4]
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